Activities & Projects

Forestry Activities

i.    Preservation of bio-diversity through rehabilitation of epiphytes, critical and endangered amphibians in the Sacred Forests.

ii.  Fire control in the community forest areas through controlled burning (traditional Khasi method of fire control burning known as (Sain Ding), creation of fire lines and erection of sign boards.

iii. Afforestation through public participation in the private and community degraded areas. Control of stone quarrying, fuel wood collection, charcoal making, grazing and mining.

iv.  Revival of sacred forests and community forests in different indigenous tradition institutions of the Khasi Hills through awareness and campaign.

v. Assisted Natural Regeneration – With support from Weforest, a Belgium-based non-profit over 1500 hectares of degraded land is being transformed into young secondary forest through enrichment planting and the restoration of native species.

Socio-Economic Activities

i.   Formation and creation of women-run Self-Help Groups (SHGs).

ii.  Formation and creation of Farmers Club

iii. Capacity building and training for book keeping and maintenance of accounts for Local Working Committees (LWCs) at cluster level,

SHGs, Farmers Club.

iv. Profiling of Project Villages.
v.  Household Socio-economic survey.
vi. Participatory Rural Appraisal exercises carried out in villages.


A Glimpse of Khasi Hills REDD+ Project

The Khasi Hills REDD+ Project is designed to slow, halt and, hopefully, reverses the loss of community forest cover in the project area by providing institutional,natural resource management and financial incentives. Furthermore, it represents a durable strategy to address the extreme poverty facing rural families through alternative sources of income and capacity building. It seeks to demonstrate how the Khasi people, coordinated by their own institutions can implement REDD+ activities that control drivers of deforestation and thereby restore forest cover, improve watershed hydrology and make a transition to more sustainable agricultural systems which are climate resilient.

The project was certified under The Plan Vivo Foundation standards, a Scotland, UK- based carbon registry, March, 31st 2013 that addresses both environmental and socio-economic indicators and is recognized internationally.



To preserve forest and environment and to restore bio-diversity, etc. through:

a) Assisted natural regeneration (ANR). Conservation of existing community forest.

b) Protection and conservation of wildlife habitat.

c) Soil and water conservation measures.

d) Improvement of community living standards through income generating activities (IGAs).

e) Awareness of environmental protection and sanitation, and to explore ways and means to upheld ecological balances.

f) Holding meetings: youth conference,seminars, question and answer sessions,awareness campaigns, etc. to highlight contemporary problems and issues that youth and the general public face today especially in the field of environment and ecology.

g) Helping introduce and hold trainings on modern techniques of farming, horticulture, Silvi-culture, forestry management, etc.

h) Research ways and means to obtain funds from national & international NGOs or Government agencies in order to fund project activities.


Areas under Khasi Hills REDD+ Project

The project area is situated in the Sub-Watershed of Umiam River, East Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya, India. The project area largely covers the Umiam Riversub-watershed, one of the major rivers of the state and an important water source for the state capital, Shillong.

The main objective of KSKHAWU-MWS is to protect and conserve the community forests and to improve the socio-economic livelihood of the community. The area of operation of the project is in the Sub-Watershed of Umiam Mawphlang River within the East Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya.

Project Summary

The present project area’s size is 27,139 ha. and covers 10 indigenous traditional Khasi territories called Hima. It covers the entire East Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya. Within these kingdoms, the 62 participating villages are located. It is one of the first REDD+ projects in North East India, managed and implemented by indigenous communities.

➢Total Project Area + Buffer Zone = 27,139 ha.

➢Total Forest Cover = 15,217 ha.

➢Dense forest = 9,270 ha

➢Open forest = 5,947 ha


Project Target Beneficiaries

The target beneficiaries belong to the Khasi tribe which is a scheduled tribe of Meghalaya, as listed in the following table:

Male population 14,375
Female population 14,709
Families-Above Poverty Line (APL)1,606
Families-Below Poverty Line (BPL)3,652

Plan Vivo Certification

Greater Shillong Water Supply



Photographs of a section of the Cultural Operation at Lumlaitsohphoh area taken during 2007 & 2009 showing change in vegetation (Note increase of Crown Cover)

Taken in May 2007 (N 25 26 50.7, E 91 43 59.9) 

Taken in Oct 2009 (N 25 26 50.7, E 91 43 59.9)

Photographs of quarrying area of the project site, before and after closure

Taken in May 2007 (N 25 27 06.7, E 91 44 05.4)

Taken in October 2009

Note the resultant landslides edging towards the Sacred Grove above and subsequent stabilization of landslide area) 

Implementing the REDD Project:

At  the  Synjuk  Level: 

The Synjuk is a Federation of the 10 Khasi indigenous governments or Hima located in the project area. The Synjuk is the administrative and implementing agency of the REDD+ project. The Synjuk meets every three or four months in a year, where they pass resolutions on various agendas or approving the budget, reviewsthe annual report, and scrutinizes the list of beneficiaries under the project. The Synjuk authorized the Secretary to lead the Project Team comprisedof the forestry team, socio-economicteam, accounts team and the office team. They meet every week to plan activities and settle any technical problems. Problems related to political or community level is reported at the Synjuk meetings.

At  the  Hima  Level: 

Each of the ten Hima has a community facilitator (CF) chosen by the traditional head of each Hima.  The CFs are selected for their maturity and past experience with voluntary community service. The CFs report the activities from the project both to the Hima and the Synjuk. At present we have 14 male and 10 female CFs representing their respective Hima.  The male CFs are responsible for coordinating all forestry related activities including restoration of degraded lands and fire prevention in the dense forests.  The women CFs work with the Self-help Groups to guide livelihood activities.

At the Cluster level or LWC level:

The project organizes villages into administrative clusters on a micro-watershed basis. Each cluster has a Local Working Committee (LWC).  Each LWC is coordinated by a Community Facilitator selected by the community.  The Project is divided into 19 Clusters and 3 Special Package Clusters with limited forest. The Project supports and encourages equal representation of men and women in the LWC. The Project has also established 68 women-run Self-help Groups (SHGs) that include both men and women. In addition, the Project has also established Farmers Clubs (FCs) that disseminate new agricultural and horticultural technologies in their communities. The members at the LWC level are well-represented by the headmen from the Cluster and the other members are equally represented from each village. The LWC oversees all the trainingand activities carried out at the  cluster  level. They hold meetings three times a year.

At village level:

Traditionally, each village has an administrative Headman, executive members, and judiciary. In order to expand the village capacity, the Project had each village recruit two youth volunteers to update the Village Knowledge Register (VKR) and also report on any illegal activities to the Headmen and CFs. They also participate with tree plantation and other forestry and socio-economic activities of the Project on an incentive basis.  They attend training and awareness sessions at various intervals. At present, there are 124 Youth Volunteers at the village level comprising both men and women.

Fund Flow Mechanism

Funds and activities overseen by the project through the following organizational flow: 

A.     The  Synjuk  signed  the  MOU  or  Agreement  on  all projects with proper budgets and management plans. 

B. 40% or less of the fund is taken at the Admin cost, while 60% or more is taken as activities which includes all type of payment to the participating community. 

C. The funds are not transferred to the individual account but to the LWC Bank account with joint signatory. The fund from the LWC then were transferred or withdrawn to  make  specific  payment  especially  on  Community Development Grants. The LWC oversee all the work and activities carried out at the cluster level where they also hold meetings thrice a year. 

D.     While the fund allotted to individuals and Groups, were transferred directly from Synjuk account after the report and UC produced by the CFs. 

ANNEX 1: Total stock including both and future vintages 2012-2021 

2012 (unsold) 8,017
2014 (unsold) 2,839
2015 (unsold)15,682
2016 (Available for issuance)11,0205
2017 (Available for issuance)40,509
2018 (Available for issuance)38,704
2019 (Available for issuance)37,055
2020 (Available for issuance)35,552
2021 (Available for issuance)34,186
Projects total emission reduction 3,22,749

Total Carbon Volume issued & sold

Carbon issued  68,404 tons
Issuance Fee  USD 0.40 per ton
Issuance fee total in USD 27,361
Issuance fee total in INR 18,33,227.2
Carbon Sold 41,866 tons
Selling Price 5-9 USD per ton
Total Sale in USD 236,510.55
Total sale in INR 1,58,46,206.85

Edited By:

Mr. Tambor Lyngdoh
Secretary/CCF, Khasi Hills REDD+ Project

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